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Flat Feet (Pronation) - The 5 Signs


Feet are the body’s foundation. Flat feet (pronation) can cause many problems all the way up the body, shifting the body's natural alignment, which may lead to aches and pains in the feet, knees, hips, neck and/or spine. Flat feet can also lead to injury and problems like shin splints, Achilles tendinitis and plantar fasciitis. Women are more likely to suffer from pronation issues.
Imbalance in the body can also exist when one foot arch is lower than the other. The pelvis may drop slightly as the leg’s support structure—the foot—drops. The body may lean slightly to the side. The muscles and tendons must work harder, yet less efficiently to compensate.

Some of the most common causes of flat feet are:
* Stress over time of everyday activity such as prolonged walking or standing
* Injury (strains and fractures in feet)
* Prolonged use of high heel shoes or ill fitting shoes
• Health conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis

Risk factors include:
* Obesity

* Diabetes

* Pregnancy

Here are Five Signs of Pronation.

If these signs are ignored and left untreated, foot problems can adversely affect the entire body as mentioned, including knee, ankle, hip and back problems due to the imbalance in how the feet are supporting the body.

1.Foot Flare
Walking with feet flared out can be a sign of flat feet.
(What may be referred to as the 'duck' walk.)

2. Knee Rotation Inwards
When the foot or feet are flat then this rotation (twist) in one or two feet will cause rotation in one or both knees. If this imbalance persists then this may cause symptoms in the knees. Therefore if the foot, knee, and hip are in their optimal position, one could drop a plum-bob from the middle of the knee cap and it should hit the second toe. In  case of flat feet then this plum-bob will align closer to the inside of the feet.

3. Bowed Achilles Tendons
When looking at the ankle and foot from behind then they will appear to roll inwards, causing a bowing of the Achilles tendons. The tendon should normally be straight when feet have all 3 arches working to support the body.

4. Flat Foot
Generally with pronation the foot will appear longer, wider, and flatter when standing. If there is severe pronation then the width of shoes will need to be taken into consideration when buying shoes.

5. Uneven Heel Wear
With pronated foot the way that the heels strike the ground will be uneven, causing uneven or asymmetrical heel wear. Typically the outside of the back of the shoe will show greater wear. Take your shoes off and see if this is the case for you.

So check for these signs yourself and then check your family members. If you feel that pronation may be an issue then we at Errol Street Chiropractic have the lasted FOOTLEVELERS digital 3D foot scanner to check if you or your family member have pronated feet.
Posted on: 4th November, 2016
Categories: Flat feet
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